Son of Abraham
Isaac Pennington is another well-studied founding member of Group 8. He migrated south with his father Abraham and brothers Jacob and Abraham-2. He settled first in Virginia, where he served as a captain in the Orange County Militia, and later in South Carolina where in 1756, he was executor of his father's will. Isaac died a few years later in 1760.
The will of Isaac Pennington, written in Berkeley County in 1760, mentions two sons: Isaac and Jacob. Researchers are in agreement that the younger Isaac is the Isaac Pennington who was killed by Indians on the Wilderness Road near Clarksville, TN in 1792. However, the identity of Jacob has generated controversy. Many researchers believe that the Jacob of Isaac's will is the same Jacob who settled near Clarksville, TN and later in Logan County, KY (click here for Jacob of Logan Co., KY). Others believe that the Jacob of Isaac's will is the Jacob who settled in Lawrence County, TN around 1816 (click here for Jacob of Lawrence Co., TN).
Among Isaac Pennington's other children was Charity who married Captain Charles King for whom Kings Mountain, NC may have been named. Among Charles and Charity King's descendants was their great grandson General John Brown Gordon, one of Robert E. Lee's most trusted field commanders.
Isaac Pennington timeline
First-some comments and disclaimers
circa 1720: Isaac born, probably somewhere in the vicinity of Cecil County, MD, or in northern in VA.
1736-1740: Isaac took up residence in Frederick or Augusta County, VA. (Shenendoah Valley) under patent of Morgan Bryan and Alexander Ross (REFERENCE NEEDED).
1742: Isaac named Captain in the Orange County, VA Militia (see PP 9-2, p. 32).
1743-1747: Several land dealings for Isaac Pennington of Frederick County, VA (including land on west side of Shenendoah River). Brother Jacob and father Abraham also mentioned in Isaac's land records.
14 March 1748: George Washington, 16 yrs old, spends night at Isaac Pennington's home in Frederick County, VA. He was visiting the Shenendoah Valley to survey land. Isaac's land was in Orange County, now near Berryville in Clarke County near Potomac River [PP 11-2, p. 3].
1 April 1754: Isaac Pennington, stating that he is from VA, petitions for land on Santee and Collins Rivers in SC (son-in-law Captain Charles King petitioned the same day). Isaac's brother Jacob had petitioned for SC lands in 1749, father Abraham in 1752.
circa 1755: Capt. Isaac Pennington musters with Berkeley County, SC Regiment.
[Note: for a good description of the Penningtons in SC see R. Dickey's "The Penningtons of Big Buffalo" and PP 24-1, pps. 74-75. Isaac is said to have lived in the Spartanburg District, as per PP 7-2, p. 87.)
3 Mar 1760: Isaac Pennington's will filed in Berkeley County, SC. Heirs included two sons, Jacob and Isaac, who were given land on the Enoree River. Also listed were daughters Charity (wife of Charles King), Mary (wife of John Patterson), Lydia (wife of Samuel Cannon), Rebecca (wife of Jiarce Noland), Alice, Rachel, and Cesaiah. The will was probated 17 Sep 1760.